Colorado Rent Increase Laws: What Tenants Should Know in 2024

Ballinger News Staff

Colorado Rent Increase Laws: What Tenants Should Know in 2024

As Colorado continues to attract new residents with its booming economy, beautiful landscapes, and vibrant culture, the state’s rental market remains highly competitive. With rising demand for housing, rent increases have become a significant concern for many tenants. Understanding Colorado’s rent increase laws is essential for both landlords and tenants to ensure compliance and protect their rights. This comprehensive guide provides an in-depth look at the current legal landscape surrounding rent increases in Colorado as of 2024.

Current Rental Market Trends in Colorado

The rental market in Colorado has seen substantial changes over the past few years. Major cities like Denver, Colorado Springs, Aurora, Boulder, and Fort Collins have experienced notable increases in rental prices. According to recent data, Denver’s average rent for a one-bedroom apartment has surged by 10% over the past year, reaching approximately $1,800 per month. Colorado Springs follows closely, with average rents around $1,500 per month, reflecting an 8% increase. Aurora, Boulder, and Fort Collins have also seen similar trends, with rent increases ranging from 5% to 12%.

Several factors contribute to these rising rents. Colorado’s population growth, driven by its attractive job market and quality of life, has created a high demand for housing. Additionally, limited housing supply, increased construction costs, and inflation have further strained the market. Understanding these trends is crucial for tenants as they navigate the complexities of rent increases.

Legal Framework for Rent Increases in Colorado

Colorado’s landlord-tenant laws are designed to balance the interests of both parties while ensuring fair rental practices. The Colorado Revised Statutes (CRS) provide the primary legal framework governing rent increases. Additionally, local ordinances in certain cities may impose additional regulations.

Key legislation affecting rent increases includes:

  • Colorado Revised Statutes Title 38, Article 12: This section outlines the general obligations of landlords and tenants, including notice requirements for rent increases.
  • Local Ordinances: Cities like Denver and Boulder may have specific regulations that impact rent increases and tenant protections.

Notice Requirements for Rent Increases

In Colorado, landlords must provide tenants with proper notice before implementing a rent increase. According to state law, the required notice period depends on the duration of the tenancy:

  • Month-to-Month Tenancies: Landlords must give at least 21 days’ written notice before the end of the rental period.
  • Fixed-Term Leases: Notice requirements are typically outlined in the lease agreement. If the lease does not specify, landlords should provide at least 21 days’ notice.

Notices must be in writing and can be delivered in person, mailed to the tenant’s address, or posted conspicuously on the rental property if other methods are unsuccessful.

Limitations and Caps on Rent Increases

As of 2024, Colorado does not have state-level rent control laws that cap the amount landlords can increase rent. However, certain localities may have their own regulations:

  • Denver: While Denver does not have rent control, the city has implemented measures to protect tenants from excessive rent hikes through its Rental Licensing Program. This program requires landlords to register and adhere to specific standards, promoting fair rental practices.
  • Boulder: Boulder has considered rent control measures, but currently, landlords must comply with existing state laws and local ordinances that promote transparency and fairness.

Tenant Rights and Protections

Colorado law provides several protections for tenants facing rent increases. Tenants have the right to:

  • Receive Proper Notice: Tenants must receive written notice of any rent increase within the specified timeframe.
  • Challenge Unfair Increases: Tenants can dispute rent increases they believe are retaliatory or discriminatory.
  • Seek Legal Recourse: If a landlord fails to comply with legal requirements, tenants can seek assistance from legal aid organizations or file a complaint with local housing authorities.

Special Considerations for Specific Types of Housing

Certain types of housing in Colorado are subject to additional regulations regarding rent increases:

  • Subsidized Housing: Rent increases in subsidized housing must comply with federal and state guidelines. Tenants in such housing often have additional protections and resources available.
  • Mobile Home Parks and Manufactured Housing Communities: Colorado has specific laws governing rent increases in mobile home parks, including longer notice periods and caps on increases tied to inflation rates.
  • Short-Term Rentals and Vacation Properties: These properties typically have different regulations, with local ordinances playing a significant role in governing rent practices.

Case Studies: Rent Increase Scenarios

Examining real-life examples helps illustrate how rent increase laws are applied in practice. Consider the following scenarios:

  • Denver: A tenant in Denver received a 30-day notice of a rent increase from $1,200 to $1,400. The landlord complied with the Rental Licensing Program’s requirements, ensuring the increase was fair and justified by market conditions.
  • Boulder: A tenant in Boulder challenged a rent increase from $1,500 to $1,800, arguing it was retaliatory for reporting maintenance issues. The tenant sought assistance from a local tenant advocacy group, which helped mediate the dispute and secure a more reasonable increase.

How to Handle a Rent Increase Notice

Upon receiving a rent increase notice, tenants should take the following steps:

  1. Review the Notice: Ensure the notice complies with legal requirements regarding timing and delivery.
  2. Assess the Increase: Compare the proposed rent with similar properties in the area to determine if it is reasonable.
  3. Communicate with the Landlord: Engage in a constructive dialogue to negotiate the increase, if possible.
  4. Seek Legal Advice: If the increase seems unfair or illegal, consult with a tenant advocacy group or legal aid organization.

Resources for Tenants

Tenants facing rent increases can access various resources for support and assistance:

  • Colorado Legal Services: Provides free legal aid to low-income individuals.
  • Denver Metro Fair Housing Center: Offers education and advocacy services to protect tenants’ rights.
  • Colorado Division of Housing: Provides information on rental assistance programs and tenant rights.


Understanding Colorado’s rent increase laws is crucial for tenants to protect their rights and navigate the rental market effectively. By staying informed about legal requirements, tenant protections, and available resources, tenants can better handle rent increases and ensure fair treatment. As Colorado’s rental market continues to evolve, staying vigilant and proactive is essential for securing stable and affordable housing.

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